AMD Part I: Aetiology, epidemiology and clinical presentation

Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a highly prevalent and potentially blinding condition, its incidence increasing with advancing age. However, morbidity is not restricted to decreased vision but has profound consequences on patient mobility, independence and quality of life. AMD is estimated to be present in 13% of the population aged 85 years and older in the Western world, and increasing longevity will only increase this number. This article will remind the eye care practitioner of the aetiology, signs, symptoms and classification of AMD.

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