View Post

Diabetes and the eye: Part 1

This article discusses the epidemiology, classification, clinical presentation and management of diabetes mellitus types 1 & 2. It explains the general medical management options, thus giving the community optometrist a greater understanding and appreciation of | more

View Post

Contact lens complications: Part 1. VRICS

Sight threatening complications as a result of soft or RGP lens wear are, thankfully, rare events. On the other hand, there are a large number of less serious complications of contact lens wear which can | more

View Post

Red eye part 2: Urgent referrals

Red eye is the cardinal sign of ocular inflammation, many patients presenting to their eye care practitioner in the first instance. There are myriad causes of red eye ranging from the self limiting and innocuous | more

View Post

Tonometry in optometric practice

The use of tonometry for the measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) occupies a key position among those tests that optometrists routinely carry out in practice. Over the past 25 years elevated IOP has shifted from | more

View Post

Investigating and managing heterophoria

Heterophoria is the most common ocular motor status finding and is usually normal, asymptomatic and requires no treatment. However, when a heterophoria is clinically signi cant, patients will often report to their community optometrist as | more

View Post

Posterior cortical atrophy (PCA)

Posterior cortical atrophy is a dementia syndrome in which the most prominent symptom is visual impairment due to degeneration of the posterior regions of the cortex. As may be expected for people experiencing poor vision, | more